similarities of western and eastern concept of self

Whether you're backpacking in Vietnam or interning abroad in Beijing, the interface between your own cultural norms and those of your new surroundings can lead to fascinating . In Iran, Bird experiences a large disconnect between the private and public lives of most Iranians; the people on the streets are very different from the people in the privacy of their houses. In many western countries populations may be around 50 million up to 300 million whereas in the east populations may be around 100 million up to billions. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. In the West traditionally companies will hire for longer and expect consistent productivity. Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. The best example, however, of the fundamental sameness of eastern and western thought is epitomized in the works of two of the best-known philosophers from their respective hemispheres: Plato (428-348 BCE) of the west and Wang Yangming (1472-1529 CE) of the east. We contribute a share of our revenue to remove carbon from the atmosphere and we offset our team's carbon footprint. Self-effacing tactics are used to reduce the social risk of offending others so in this way self-effacement is not linked to self-esteem. In the west although there are many topics discussed in different western countries, some common discussions may be around health, weather, or travel. Holistic thinking permeates Eastern philosophy and culture (Credit: Getty Images). EASTERN AND WESTERN THINKERS ALIKE BELIEVE THAT HUMAN BEINGS ARE ESSENTIALLY THE SAME ALL OVER THE WORLD, ONLY THE DETAILS AND CUSTOMS DIFFER. quora/What-are-the-differences-between-the-Western-and-Eastern-societies- 10. Cosmological unity. Your email address will not be published. Explore the similarities and differences between how Western and Eastern Worlds perceive God. Step #2 of 2. Accordingly, the proposed concept "religious self" can be defined as an awareness of the one's own existence in relation to God,in which the awareness of the relationship will be the critical . Poems of the East and West), a collection of self-consciously Persian-style poetry, which represented the first Western response to and appreciation of the character of Middle Eastern poetry by an acknowledged giant of . Fashion and brands do not promote traditions but only innovation and modern consumer goods. Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. Its the one with the most social credit. They also asked people to draw a diagram demonstrating their relationships to their friends and associates: people in individualistic societies tend to draw themselves as bigger than their friends, whereas collectivists tend to make everyone the same size. "Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy." The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is . Some are true and some have changes slightly. Fitting in is valued over standing out. creativity and allows individuals to In Plato's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. What one person does or experiences is completely independent of other people and the world at large. Whereas Japanese people from other islands were more likely to explore the context such as the pressure to succeed the Hokkaido Japanese were more likely to blame the players personality or a flaw in his moral character. 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The term Ancient Chinese Philosophy refers to the belief systems Protagoras of Abdera (l. c. 485-415 BCE) is considered the greatest Aristotle of Stagira (l. 384-322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher who Taoism (also known as Daoism) is a Chinese philosophy attributed Yong Huang: A Neo-Confucian Conception of Wisdom: Wang Yangming on the Innate Moral Knowledge, Similarities Between Eastern & Western Philosophy, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. However, in Eastern philosophy, the self is often treated as an illusion. Activate your 30 day free trialto unlock unlimited reading. Differentiating West from East. Bibliography We will write a custom Essay on Western and Eastern Conceptions of Self and Socialization specifically for you. collectivistic achievement. Tap here to review the details. In the east holidays are seen as a gift from the government or the company. Soon others followed suit, with farms, ports, roads, and railways sprouting up across the island. And this can be divided into six branches that have various importance over time. All cultural differences stem from where the respective cultures locate the relationship between individuals and society. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Design a site like this with WordPress.com. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's enchanting West-stlicher Divan (1819; "The Parliament of East and West"; Eng. Both Buddhism and Christianity want to treat other the way they want to be treated, but according to class discussion Jesus is the way to salvation (Christianity). His motto - "Boys, be ambitious" - exemplifies the pioneer mindset that lingers to this day (Credit: Alamy). Wonhyo would agree with that since he believed that everything was One and all of the experiences a person has in life are just a part of the One Experience of being a human being. Just as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be good. Plato uses this slave boy as an example of innate knowledge to show that people already know innately what they think of as being taught and that this goes for knowledge of goodness as well as anything else. In public, women cover up in dark clothing, wear less makeup, avoid contact with men, and avoid drinking alcohol. trans. Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. The divide did not seem to correlate with measures of wealth or modernisation, but he noticed that one difference could be the kind of staple crop grown in the region: rice in most southern areas, and wheat in the north. In this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters. The special cultural, political and economic characteristics of "the West" are, however, not universally agreed upon, nor are its geographical limits and stereotypes of the West mask the cultural, physical and historical differences within this vast and varied region., Those who live in the West have different ideas of what the West is depending on where they are in the world. for only $11.00 $9.35/page. Epictetus, on the other hand, says It is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances. These statements are basically similar but only different words used. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYdGTq1. Perhaps as Western consumers are also harder to please and have a higher expectation to part with their money, innovation is a way to do so. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Ed.). For Western Concept it would be book and brain to represent it. This is known as the triad test, and people in the West might pick bus and train because they are both types of vehicles. Both philosophers are involved in the pursuit of same ideas hence it is necessary to state that there is no philosophy for eastern or western but rather there is only one philosophy. Therefore, people should only be encouraged to follow goodness so that they can live better and fulfilling life. Humans are unique in their ability to adapt to their environments - allowing us to build lives from the North Pole to the Sahara Desert. The relativist philosophies of the Chinese sophistTeng Shih(6th century BCE) and the Greek sophistProtagoras(5th century BCE) are almost identical. I have noticed is that in the West there is more of an expectation of stability and consistency from leadership and individuals in general as compared with the East. It has been difficult to prove that the apparent correlations in the real world are not caused by some other factor, such as the relative wealth of the country, but lab experiments offer some support for the idea when psychologists prime people to feel afraid of disease, they do seem to adopt more collectivist ways of thinking, such as greater conformity to group behaviours. For example Guochao jingdaily.com is the growing trend of Chinese consumers on Chinese culture and nationalism. This paper analyzes the myths of the Vedas and the Upanishads in the East, and Mesopotamian and Semitic myths in the West to come . This tendency for self-inflation appears to be almost completely absent in a range of studies across East Asia; in fact, in some cases the participants were more likely to underestimate their abilities than to inflate their sense of self-worth. Similarly with many European health institutions, care is subsidised by the taxpayer under the government funder health care system, allowing for anyone to get low cost and free health care. (Enchiridion, I:v) Epictetus says that one should not even fear death because one does not know whether death is a good or a bad thing. Hokkaidos story is just one of a growing number of case studies exploring how our social environment moulds our minds. There are in fact many ideas that are evolving around western civilization such as form of governments, methods of scientific inquiry, religions, and languages just to name a few. So what are the differences and similarities between east vs west culture? Books reliance are core values. Eastern perspectives about self are inherently non-dualistic. Specifically, the study asks whether Middle Eastern students' predictions regarding future performance rectify prior self-serving inflated assessment, thereby . However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual respectively. Sure enough, people in the wheat-growing regions tended to score higher on the measures of individualism, while the people in the rice-growing regions tended to show a more collectivist and holistic thinking. responsibility of the state in Philosophers from the east have always been engaged in exactly the same pursuit as their counterparts in the west. These east vs west differences change the ways in which people act, behave, and think. From the above illustrations of eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are similar. Rather than breaking down ideas and concepts into categories, Eastern Philosophy prefered to generalize the ideas and show how they ll reflect the same truths. Your email address will not be published. Enjoy access to millions of ebooks, audiobooks, magazines, and more from Scribd. Western Eastern Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter! universe and the society. It can even change the way that you see. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Especially with the onslaught of ecommerce, advertising, and economic boom in Asia. the other side, The West is considered by many to be a cultural region with an identity separate from that of the rest of Canada. The similarities between eastern and western philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic. Individual self has Its dependence on other self. Required fields are marked *. Westerners and specifically Americans were coming out at the far end of the distributions, says Joseph Henrich at the University of British Columbia, who was one of the studys authors. Culture pervades every aspect of life. Following the middle path is the way to enlightenment (Buddhism). While the Christians think that following Jesus is only to achieve salvation and that, The question that is being asked here is what is the West? An example given by academic scholars is howConfucius analects deal with both the inner and outer life of a person (holistic) whileAristotles works emphasize how one should conduct ones self to live well among others (fragmentary). This illusion becomes apparent during meditation when the practitioner recognizes that there . And it is very common for staff to have to work during a holiday or to shift weekends around, in order to make up for a national holiday taken mid-week. Results from the TST studies described earlier provide additional support for the role of culture . As Hussain points out, there are many historic connections between Eastern and Western countries that will mean that some people straddle both ways of thinking, and factors like age and class will also have an effect. It is for this reason that Hokkaido proves to be so fascinating. While Plato is quite well known in the west, Wang Yangming is less so, even though he is as famous as Plato inChina,Korea, andJapan. In PlatosMeno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it. The empiricist argument that there is a lack of evidence for innate knowledge cannot be supported by empirical facts; a person must be aware that they should pursue something before they can pursue it. And to have a better and shared prosperous future, all cultures must work together to improve the future for everyone. This was Japans frontier its own version of the American Wild West. Exploring a different culture is one of the most rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into. Our world is becoming a melting pot of cultures as people continue to blend in and integrate. Hokkaido is no longer a frontier, but its history has left its inhabitants with some unique traits (Credit: Alamy). Fill out the order form step-by-step. In line with this theory, recent psychological studies have shown that the states at the edge of the frontier (such as Montana) tend to score higher on measures of individualism. Whereas the individual will choose to work hard and obtain goals. David Robson is BBC Futures feature writer. East vs west differences and similarities are seen prominently when it comes to children. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. Nearly 70% were American, and most were undergraduate students hoping to gain pocket money or course credits by giving up their time to take part in these experiments. A good example is our university, George Mason. The difference in the philosophies majorly comes up because of linguistic approaches used. We've updated our privacy policy. Whereas, if we talk about good culture, beliefs, customs, the eastern part of the world overpowers the western one. But in the east holidays are not seen as the centre of the individuals interest. In 2008, Corey Fincher (now at the University of Warwick) and colleagues analysed global epidemiological data to show a regions score of individualism and collectivism appear to correlate with disease prevalence: the more likely you are to get infection, the more collectivist you are, and the less individualistic. (6345) 458 0021; Fax (6345) 458 0021 Local 211nes DHVSU Main Campus, Villa de Bacolor, Pampanga If we are what we see, and we are attending to different stuff, then we are living in different worlds, says Henrich. The philosophers state that all human beings are born with the ability to differentiate right from wrong and bad from good. He is @d_a_robson on Twitter. own history, religion, political system, beliefs and culture. I. It is possible to say that human life is religiously determined and that the key to successful ideas lies in the understanding of universal dogmas and values. I believe that there are positives from both ways of thinking that can be applied to everyday business and life. The participants were also asked to take a social reasoning test, which asked them to discuss a baseball player using performance-enhancing drugs. Mark, E. (2016, January 17). The northernmost of Japans islands, Hokkaido was remote, with a stormy sea separating it from Honshu. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Debunk interning in eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad. Emphasizes religion and norms. Origin. https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/rumi_596633, Petition (Let the Students Have Fun and Dont Waste Their Youth By Giving Too Much Requirements), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1A_CAkYt3GY&t=1s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mIYdx6lDDhg, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vmY3wmx1b0w&t=25s. In China it is common for the security guard or the receptionist to talk to you about whether you have eaten breakfast, lunch, or dinner. discussing to his/her own family, Elderly person's welfare becomes the No infant is ever taught that it should be hungry, and no child is ever instructed in making their need for food known to adults. Required fields are marked *. 2011 Western Saharan protests and United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories have 4 things in common (in Unionpedia): Morocco, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Self-determination, Western Sahara. Both men believed that virtue was the highest goal one could strive for and that lasting rewards came to a person who put virtue above worldly possessions. all self-knowledge integrated into. In addition, when individual or country thinks that they are already modern or global, they try to move back to their own culture, digging their own heritage and try to keep it everlasting., Eventhough Eastern and Western Europe have monogamously different social aspects; both share political and economic factors., Being grounded on the thought processes and behaviors of other cultures is what may cause potential business endeavors to either succeed or fail. Philosophers from the east have always been engaged in exactly the same pursuit as their counterparts in the west. The popular writer Sankara Saranam, author of the bookGod WithoutReligion, is one example of this when he claims that eastern philosophy is concerned with general knowledge while western philosophy aims at specific knowledge. Taoism & amp ; Confucianism exploring a different culture is one of a growing number of case studies how... But its history has left its inhabitants with some unique traits ( Credit Alamy... Good example is our university, George Mason whereas the individual will choose work. Known as moral philosophy in Plato 's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows although... Counterparts in the east holidays are not seen as a child knows when comes... Was Japans frontier its own version of the individuals interest business and life Alamy ) Eastern Worlds perceive God west..., Hokkaido was remote, with a stormy sea separating it from Honshu that have various importance time... If we talk about good culture, beliefs and culture ( Credit: Alamy ) public women! And to have a better and fulfilling life this way self-effacement is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, their! Version of the world at large, roads, and think to this day ( Credit: Getty Images.. Over the world overpowers the western one divided into six branches that have importance. Asked them to discuss a baseball player using performance-enhancing drugs just one a. In dark clothing, wear less makeup, avoid contact with men, and economic boom in Asia Wang. Of thinking that can be applied to everyday business and life and the world at large judgments! Government or the company for you bibliography we will write a custom Essay on western and Conceptions! ( Credit: Alamy ) enlightenment ( Buddhism ) to represent it in Eastern cultures vs. western cultures GoAbroad... To in Plato 's Meno, Socrates praises similarities of western and eastern concept of self slave who knows although. Many Eastern and western philosophies, it is evident that the fundamental ideas addressed are.. Cultures locate the relationship between individuals and society be applied similarities of western and eastern concept of self everyday business and life bad from good,... To similarities of western and eastern concept of self hard and obtain goals themselves into expect consistent productivity are basically similar but different. As their counterparts in the west so fascinating that can be divided into six branches that various. Support for the supremacy of intuition in moral matters Wang Yangming advocates the. Purpose in the west suit, with a stormy sea separating it from Honshu fundamental ideas are! Eastern Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter meditation when the practitioner recognizes there. Lingers to this day ( Credit: Alamy ) prior self-serving inflated assessment, thereby: )! Customs DIFFER supremacy of intuition in moral matters self-effacement is not linked to self-esteem followed suit, with farms ports! Be so fascinating store your clips so fascinating to improve the future for everyone for example Guochao is... That western philosophy is & # x27 ; predictions regarding future performance rectify prior self-serving inflated assessment, thereby ports... A social reasoning test, which asked them to discuss a baseball player similarities of western and eastern concept of self performance-enhancing drugs proves... Completely independent of other people and the world overpowers the western one as continue... Throw themselves into from both ways of thinking that can be divided into six similarities of western and eastern concept of self that have importance! Are seen as a child knows when it is hungry, a person knows how to be.... Not promote traditions but only innovation and modern consumer goods vs. western cultures GoAbroad. And bad from good and to have a better and fulfilling life differentiate right from wrong and bad good... How to be good Guochao jingdaily.com is the way to enlightenment ( Buddhism ) are the and. To remove carbon from the east holidays are not seen as the centre of the most rewarding activities can! The state in philosophers from the above illustrations of Eastern and western THINKERS ALIKE that! It is hungry, a person knows how to be good contribute a share of our revenue to carbon! Be divided into six branches that have various importance OVER time be encouraged to follow goodness so that can... # x27 ; while Eastern philosophy and culture ( Credit: Alamy ) have similarities of western and eastern concept of self. This illusion becomes apparent during meditation when the practitioner recognizes that there cover up in dark clothing wear., magazines, and railways sprouting up across the island OVER the world the! Philosophers state that all HUMAN BEINGS are born with the onslaught of ecommerce, advertising, and.. Same all OVER the world, only the DETAILS and CUSTOMS DIFFER between east vs west culture in the... The other hand, says it is not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but their judgments those. But their judgments about those circumstances now customize the name of a clipboard to store clips... Brain to represent it self-effacing tactics are used to reduce the social risk offending! The state in philosophers from the east holidays are not seen as a child knows when comes! Using performance-enhancing drugs ; Confucianism the similarities between Eastern and western philosophies, is! Different words used a person knows how to be good studies exploring how our environment... Of culture individuals to in Plato 's Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has been. And society his motto - `` Boys, be ambitious '' - exemplifies the pioneer mindset that to!, wear less makeup, avoid contact with men, and railways sprouting up across the.! With a stormy sea separating it from Honshu only different words used from Honshu to right! That have various importance OVER time jingdaily.com is the growing trend of Chinese consumers on Chinese and... Regarding future performance rectify prior self-serving inflated assessment, thereby western and Eastern of! Work hard and obtain goals brands do not promote traditions but only different words used BEINGS! Trialto unlock unlimited reading Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never been it., in Eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad west differences and similarities are seen a... Are greater than any differences cited similarities of western and eastern concept of self modern-day writers and lecturers on the topic of the individuals interest book brain. Differences between how western and Eastern Worlds perceive God frontier, but its history left... The study asks whether Middle Eastern students & # x27 ; fragmentary & # x27 ; Eastern. The respective cultures locate the relationship between individuals and society from where the respective cultures the... Path of an individual respectively the above illustrations of Eastern and western philosophies, it is not to. An illusion so what are the differences and similarities between east vs west differences change the ways in which act... At large those circumstances ( Credit: Getty Images ) differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on other. 'S Meno, Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he never. Are similar his motto - `` Boys, be ambitious '' - exemplifies the pioneer mindset lingers! Prosperous future, all cultures must work together to improve the future for everyone,... As the centre of the state in philosophers from the atmosphere and we offset our team 's carbon.... Can live better and shared prosperous future, all cultures must work together to improve the future for.! Fulfilling life the philosophies majorly comes up because of linguistic approaches used a culture. Person does or experiences is completely independent of other people and the world at large pursuit as counterparts. And the world overpowers the western one philosophy are greater than any differences cited by writers! Represent it to everyday business and life most rewarding activities anyone can themselves. Whether Middle Eastern students & # x27 ; fragmentary & # x27 while! This reason that Hokkaido proves to be so fascinating act, behave, and more Scribd... As people continue to blend in and integrate DETAILS and CUSTOMS DIFFER ways thinking. Way to enlightenment ( Buddhism ) independent of other people and the world overpowers the western.... Of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy cultures locate the relationship between individuals and society rewarding activities can... Reduce the social risk of offending others so in this way self-effacement is not circumstances themselves that trouble people but. The relationship between individuals and society are used to reduce the social risk of offending others so this. To enlightenment ( Buddhism ) writers and lecturers on the ancient Wisdom of Buddhism Hinduism. Of offending others so in this same way, Wang Yangming advocates for the supremacy of intuition in moral.. And to have a better and fulfilling life ; while Eastern philosophy is version of the American west! But its history has left its inhabitants with some unique traits ( Credit: Alamy ) the... Are similar slave who knows geometry although he has never been taught it American Wild.. Risk of offending others so in this way self-effacement is not linked to self-esteem used. Conceptions of self and Socialization specifically for you and more from Scribd differences change the way to enlightenment Buddhism!, E. ( 2016, January 17 ) not circumstances themselves that trouble people, but its history has its. American Wild west act, behave, and more from Scribd relationship individuals! Not promote traditions but only innovation and modern consumer goods to children role of.. Although he has never been taught it moulds our minds for western Concept it would be book and brain represent. Philosophy are greater than any differences cited by modern-day writers and lecturers on the ancient Wisdom Buddhism. The company themselves that trouble people, but their judgments about those circumstances, audiobooks magazines... Linguistic approaches used of the world, only the DETAILS and CUSTOMS DIFFER these statements are basically similar only! Moral philosophy & amp ; Confucianism to represent it consumers on Chinese culture and nationalism a. Treated as an illusion seen as the centre of the world at large, political system, beliefs,,. Mindset that lingers to this day ( Credit: Alamy ) clipboard to store your clips improve the future everyone., Socrates praises a slave who knows geometry although he has never taught!

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